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{社交礼仪} 不同国家敬酒文化有何差别?How to give a proper international toast

法国卓尔礼仪AcademiedeBernadac2019-01-16 06:29:05


亲爱的女士们先生们,与不同国家的人举杯敬酒似乎是一个简单的小仪式,然而并不是这样。敬酒是一种文化,向对方展示您对他们的文化和价值的尊重。今天的文章介绍敬酒文化,让您在这样的场合避免出错。

Dear ladies and gentlemen, raising a glass to toast with people from different countries may seem like a simple celebration. Needless to say, it is more than that. Giving a toast is a cultural experience, it shows whether or not we respect their cultures and values. I propose to review together, don’t lose your face anymore.

礼仪大师陆纪尧

Guillaume Rué de Bernadac

Rué de Bernadac先生专业的礼仪素养来自于他的家族背景。他的祖母和曾祖父是摩洛哥国王及其家庭成员的私人教师。

美国/澳大利亚/加拿大

United States / Australia / Canada

英语:”Cheers”    

最常见的饮品:威士忌,啤酒

规则:客人受到敬酒后,应该道谢作为回应。在大多数正式的聚会中,人们会在发言时举起酒杯,并引发集体的回应。简单的非正式祝酒只要举起酒杯说“Cheers”即可。女士可以提议敬酒。

English: “Cheers”

Most common drinks: Whiskey, beer

Rules:The guest of honor is toasted and should reciprocate by giving a toast of thanks. At more formal gatherings, glasses are raised in response to a speech, and a group response is elicited. Simple, informal toasts involve raising a glass and saying "Cheers." It is acceptable for women to propose a toast.

建议

To do

  • 等到每个人都端上酒后,在饮用前说敬酒词

  • Wait for everyone to be served with a drink and the toast is proposed before drinking.

  • 餐厅、酒吧,千万别忘了每个人都需要买一轮。

  • In restaurants/ bars, don’t forget that everyone should take turn to buy a round of drinks.

法国

France

法语: “Santé !”, “À votre santé !”, “À la tienne, Etienne ! (“祝你健康”)

最常见的饮品:葡萄酒

规则:敬酒时举起杯子,有时喝之前还需要先碰杯。

French: “Santé !”, “À votre santé !”, “À la tienne, Etienne ! (“to your health”)

Most common drink: Wine

Rules:Glasses are generally raised as the toast is made and sometimes, clinked together before the first sip is taken.

建议

To do

  • 每个人都拿到酒后,等到主人说完敬酒词再饮用。

  • After serving you a wine, wait until everybody gets theirs and the hosts have given their toast, then drink.

  • 主动敬酒时,和同桌的每个人碰杯。

  • When toasting others, clink glasses with everybody at the table.

  • 杯中酒量超过1/2

  • Filling a wine glass more than half way.

  • 碰杯时,避免与他人手臂交叉

  • When clinking glasses, don’t cross your arm over anybody else’s.

  • 不要饮尽杯中最后的半英寸葡萄酒,它含有沉淀物,这是对葡萄酒品质的不尊重。

  • Don’t drink the last half inch of wine from the bottle, since it contains sediment, and that would be a tragic insult to the quality of the wine.

德国

Germany

德语:“ZumWohl!” , “Prost!” (“祝你健康”)

最常见的饮品:啤酒,德国起泡酒

规则:主人说第一句敬酒词,贵宾在聚餐中回敬。

German: “ZumWohl!” , “Prost!” (“goodhealth”)

Most common drink: Beer, sekt

Rules:The host gives the first toast. An honored guest should return the toast later in the meal. 

建议

To do

  • 当有人敬酒时,与同桌所有能碰到的杯子碰杯

  • You should always touch all theglasses you can reach at your table when someone makes a toast. 

  • 举杯时不要忘记直接的眼神接触,直到放下酒杯。

  • Don’t lose direct eye contact from the time the glass is raised, until it is placed back on the table.

日本

Japan

日语:乾杯”(“Kanpai”)

最常见的饮品:日本清酒

规则:通常,敬酒只在日本人聚会,饮酒和晚餐的开始和结束时进行。通常是宴会主人说敬酒词,尤最年长的人说。

Japanese: 乾杯” (“Kanpai”= “dry the glass”)

Most common drink:“Nihonshu”(Japanese sake)

Rules:Usually, toasts are only made at the beginning and end of Japanese parties or drinking and dining sessions, usually by the Japanese host.Generally, the most senior person on the hosting side would have the honors.

建议

To do

  • 如果不想再喝了,只需保证杯中有酒还是满的,这便意味着已经足够了,食物标准同样如此

  • If you want to finish drinking,just leave your glass mostly full, that means it’s enough, also stands forfood.

  • 如果有人要给你加满酒,迅速喝完杯中的酒并展示空杯,因为如果在对方给你添酒时杯中有其他的酒水是不礼貌的

  • If someone offers you to refill your glass, quickly finish your drink and represent them with an empty glass,because it’s rude to refill if there is already something in it.

  • 可以为他人斟酒作为回礼

  • In a return, you should pour the other person’s glass.

  • 不要为自己倒酒,日本的民间说法认为,为自己而倒酒的人注定要独自生活多年

  • Don’t pure for yourself, there are superstitions that those who pour for themselves are doomed to live many years alone.

俄罗斯

Russia

俄语: “zazdarovye” (Заздоровье- “祝你健康”)

最常见的饮品:伏特加

规则:在俄罗斯,饮酒被视为一种亲密的活动,在商业领域也是如此。这是一种建立信任和打破壁垒的方式。主人祝酒,客人们回应。

Russian:“zazdarovye” (Заздоровье - “to your health”)

Most commondrink: Vodka

Rules:Drinking in Russia is seen as a bonding activity, even in business. It’s a way of building trust and breaking down barriers.The host starts with a toast and the guests reply.

建议

To do

  • 在有人祝酒后再开始用餐

  • Begin eating only after somebody says a toast.

  • 敬酒后,一起碰杯

  •  After the toast, clink your glasses together.

  • 不要和水果味的食物一起饮用伏特加,直接饮用

  • Don’t drink vodka with something fruity, drink it straight.

  • 在敬酒后再饮用

  • Don’t drink until the first toast is offered.

  • 饮用不含酒精的饮品时不要碰杯

  • Don’t clink your glass if it is a non-alcoholic beverage.

  • 拒绝饮酒是不被接受的,除非有合理的借口(健康,宗教)

  • Refusing to drink is unacceptable unless you give a plausible excuse (health, religion).

泰国

Thailand

泰语: “Chai Yo”(“Hurray”= “cheers”)

最常见的饮品:泰国啤酒和威士忌

规则:如果你是最尊贵的客人,可能会被安排坐在桌子的最中间。客人通常也需要在用餐过程中敬酒。敬酒不单单在宴会开始的时候,而是持续整个聚会饮酒时间。

Thai: “Chai Yo”(“Hurray”= “cheers”)

Most common drink: Thai beer and whiskey

Rules: If you find yourself the guest of honor, you’ll probably be expected to sit at the middle of the table rather than at the head. The guest of honor is also usually expected to give a toast at some point. Toasts are often given throughout a drinking session, not just at the start.

建议

To do

  • 如果对方是你的上级或者前辈,碰杯时你的杯口高度要微微低于对方

  • If someone is your senior or of higher status, hold your glass slightly lower and clink low on theirs.

  • 如果要为自己添酒,也将周围人的酒杯添满

  • Top off the glasses of people around you if you fill your own.

  • 不要把杯中的酒饮尽,除非你想要续杯

  • Don’t drain your glass unless you want a refill.

亲爱的女士们先生们,希望你们下次与国际友人敬酒时可以有一段美好的经历!如果我遗漏了你感兴趣的国家,一定要留言告诉我哦! À votre santé! 

Dear ladies and gentlemen, I hope you will have a memorable experience next time when giving ainternational toast and CHEERS to that! Or should I say À votre santé! 

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阅读上期文章{社交商务} 如何用英语问候&称呼他人?How to greet&address people in English?


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